A to Z

Here is a list of all reports in alphabetical order…

Key Publications

What's at Steak?

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The report argues that the industrial livestock production model (‘factory farming’), including Concentrated Animal Feedlot Operations (CAFOs) and large-scale cattle ranching for beef, are unsustainable, and are a leading cause of deforestation and climate change.

Forest Cover 49: Meat as a driver of deforestation

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Agriculture, including livestock farming, is increasingly becoming a battleground, with land, farming and food production being wrested away from peasant farmers by agribusiness exporters and their financial backers. This trend is being condoned and even driven by intergovernmental negotiations in various different fora, and now dominates climate change negotiations as well as trade talks.

Paths Beyond Paris

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After over 20 years of international climate change negotiations, talks continue to move further away from identifying the root causes of the climate crisis. These short, sharp articles highlight years of struggle, passion and commitment towards environmental, social and climate justice. This Climate Justice Compendium attempts to address the root causes of climate change beyond the fallacy of the climate negotiations and towards building international solidarity.

Don't Trade Away the Climate

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Trade agreements threaten to undermine every effort to stop the climate crisis. Developed countries are negotiating numerous trade and investment deals that will lock in polluting fossil fuels and business as usual. Trade and investment rules put profits before the planet, limiting governments’ ability to support local renewable energy, and empowering companies to attack environmental protections in secret courts. If we are to keep the increase in global temperature to less than 1.5 oC above pre-industrial levels, this approach is no longer possible. The world needs to agree to a binding global carbon budget in order to ensure a safe and sustainable future.

Agroecology and Climate Justice

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This focuses on breaking the chain linking industrial agriculture, climate change and hunger, and exposes the way in which so-called Climate Smart Agriculture has been deliberately loosely defined, so that companies can use it as a marketing tool to re-brand and validate industrial agriculture, promoting business-as-usual.

Outsmarting Nature?

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Many of the world's largest agro-industrial corporations are pushing forward the poorly-defined idea of "Climate-Smart Agriculture"(CSA) to re-market industrial agriculture as 'climate-ready'. This report uncovers how some advocates of CSA are embracing the extreme genetic engineering tools of synthetic biology ("Syn Bio") to develop a set of false solutions to the climate crisis.

Digging Deeper

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This report looks at coal in four countries—India, Colombia, South Africa, and Egypt—through a human rights lens. It focuses on the Global South, where coal use and production are increasing despite the opposite trend in much of the Global North.

Dirty and Dangerous

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The Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global (GPF) is the largest sovereign wealth fund in the world and the largest share owner in Europe. How and where Norway invests this money thus has a global impact. This dossier takes an in-depth look at the GPF’s coal investments. It analyses the 'coal content' of the GPF portfolio and traces its development over time. It also examines the real-life impacts of some of the GPF’s largest coal investments on climate, the environment and people. It reveals that the GPF’s coal portfolio is much larger and much uglier than previously acknowledged.

Boom and bust

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This report provides the results of a worldwide survey completed in January 2015 by the Global Coal Plant Tracker. From 2005 to 2012, worldwide coal-fired generating capacity boomed, growing at three times the previous pace. The increase in the global coal fleet was twice the size of the entire existing U.S. coal fleet. That boom is now busting. In India, projects shelved or cancelled since 2012 outnumber project completions by six to one, and new construction initiations are at a near-standstill. In both Europe and the U.S., the coal fleet is shrinking, with retirements outnumbering new plants. China faces a looming glut in coal-fired generating capacity, with plant utilisation rates at a 35-year low.

The Health Impact of Coal

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The report finds that coal-fired power stations belonging to Eskom, South Africa’s energy utility, are the primary driver for poor outdoor air quality in the Highveld region in Mpumalanga. What this means for the communities that live there is severely poor health, particularly in the form of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases that can lead to death.

The True Cost of Coal

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Traditionally considered the cheapest fuel around, the market price for coal ignores its most significant impacts. These so-called "external costs" manifests themselves as damages such as respiratory diseases, mining accidents, acid rain, smog pollution, reduced agricultural yields and climate change. The harm caused by mining and burning coal is not reflected in its price per tonne or its costs for a kWh of electricity, but the world at large is nevertheless paying for it. This report seeks to answer the question: just how much are we paying?

Towards Climate Catastrophe

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This factsheet outlines coal's contribution to global climate change and why we need to urgently make the transition from coal to renewables. Scientists have found that more than 80% of known coal reserves need to stay in the ground in order to stay within 2 degrees celsius of global warming, the globally accepted limit.

Insatiable Thirst

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One of our planet's scarcest natural resources - safe, affordable and accessible water - is under threat from the coal industry. Vast amounts of freshwater are consumed and polluted during coal mining, transport and power generation. This factsheet outlines the major threats to water resources from continued coal expansion.

"Clean coal" is a dirty lie

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When the industry talks about “clean coal,” it is referring to a range of technologies that burn coal more efficiently, and pollution controls that remove some of the nastiest pollutants from the smokestack. Yet even the most efficient coal-fired power plants only operate at around 44% efficiency, meaning that 56% of the energy content of the coal is lost. These plants emit 15 times more carbon dioxide than renewable energy systems and twice as much CO2 as gas-fired power plants.

Traps and Dangers of REDD and other Forest Conservation Projects

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This is a precautionary guide, based on an analysis of documents and contracts related to REDD (proposed or already signed), which clearly illustrates what is happening to those communities that have already signed-up to one of these contracts and the underlying risks that exist for others who may be tempted by similar projects.

A global overview of wood-based bioenergy

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The case studies in this report show that countries in the Global South are already excessively reliant on the use of conventional wood-based sources, especially charcoal, mainly for the production of heat and electricity. In the Global North there is a shift taking place, from fossil-based fuels to wood-based energy, and this is clearly evident in the UK, the US and Sweden. Thus demand for wood is likely to increase even further. The use of wood-based bioenergy urgently needs to be reevaluated within the context of a justice-based framework that prioritises meeting basic and health needs and avoiding ecological damage.

New Economy of Nature: a Critical Introduction

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A detailed and nuanced look at the ethics and politics of the 'green economy' which outlines how and why the new economy of nature has evolved, and explains and critically questions key hypotheses of the new paradigm. A key conclusion is that handing nature over to market forces is a high-risk undertaking because if the market fails we will lose nature, irretrievably.

Economic Valuation of Nature: the price to pay for conservation?

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This brochure takes up arguments put forth in the debate about a new economy with nature. It shows that the political question is not whether economic valuation automatically involves putting a ‘price tag on nature’, but if it encourages pricing in practice. Sadly, the early examples of what ‘trading in environmental services’ looks like in reality already provide sufficient reason for saying ‘No’ to more of the same.

The Green Shock Doctrine

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Global Justice Ecology Project is publishing The Green Shock Doctrine as a means to help expose and examine the deeper issues behind the climate crisis and their links to many of the other crises we are facing. Capitalism and the markets have led us to the brink of the abyss. The more we understand how the roots of the many issues we are fighting are intertwined, the better we can cooperate to change the system driving them.

The Meat Atlas

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This report presents a global perspective on the impacts of industrial meat and dairy production, and illustrates its increasingly devastating impact on society and the environment.

Tailored for Sharks

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This report contests some key assumptions about the rules based global trade and investment system. It addresses such questions as: Who are the real beneficiaries of the legally binding and enforceable agreements and rules of the WTO? How is this elaboration of rules designed to privilege the unilateral operations of transnational corporations (TNCs) which maintains a sea of sharks and sardines?

Vatican statement to WTO Ministerial Conference 9

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Although not a civil society report, this statement from the Vatican includes some remarkable quotes about the dominant economic paradigm. For example, "The thirst for power and possessions knows no limits. In this system, which tends to devour everything which stands in the way of increased profits, whatever is fragile, like the environment, is defenceless before the interests of a deified market, which become the only rule."

No Accounting for Taste

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This report argues that natural capital accounting is not a solution for protecting our natural environment. It addresses the fundamental problems of the natural capital accounting system being proposed at the World Forum in Edinburgh as well as the negative implications of using a market-based system to manage resources that are inherently public and commons goods.

REDD and the Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation

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This report is based on five case studies prepared by national organisations in Brazil, Colombia, India, Uganda and Tanzania It concludes that projects and policies related to REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks) fail to address the underlying causes of forest loss and might contribute to further deforestation instead.

The COP19 Guide to Corporate Lobbying

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A guide exposing corporate lobbying and industry capture of COP19, the yearly UN climate negotiations, taking place in Warsaw, 11-22 November 2013. It also covers the false solutions that are being offered up by these corporate lobbies, such as shale gas, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon markets.

Less is More

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Europe’s reliance on materials from outside its borders is not sustainable. This report explores three different commodities – lithium, aluminium and cotton – to exemplify how our linear consumption patterns (extraction, manufacture, use and disposal) not only have major social, economic and environmental impacts, but also represent a missed opportunity for job creation and global resource security.

Food Sovereignty

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This booklet explores how small producers, environmentalists and social justice activists around the world are embracing food sovereignty, the right that all people have to decide what they eat and to ensure that that agriculture in their community is fair and healthy for everyone and to fix the broken food and farming system.

Profiting from Injustice

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A small club of international law firms, arbitrators and financial speculators are fuelling an investment arbitration boom that is costing taxpayers billions of dollars and preventing legislation in the public interest, according to a new report from the Transnational Institute and Corporate Europe Observatory.

An Overview of Industrial Tree Plantations in the Global South

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Over the past two decades, industrial tree plantations (ITPs) have increased their area in the global South about fourfold. Some of the main countries with millions of hectares include Brazil, Malaysia and Indonesia. ITPs are expanding in African countries, like Mozambique, and in the Mekong region in the context of increasing land grabbing. This expansion is Northern-driven; the US and the European Union together consume most of the final products.

ALERT: Biodiversity and livelihoods under attack from industrial 'bio-economy' strategy

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This two-page A4 flyer can be downloaded for distribution. It gives a concise explanation of the risks and negative impacts of bio-economy strategies and links to six key recent reports on bio-economies and other information materials, from a range of NGOs and Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations (all of which which are also available on this website).

Biomassters Battle to Control the Green Economy

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The notion of a "great green technological transformation" enabling a "green economy" is now being widely promoted as the key to our planet's survival. The ultimate goal is to substitute the extraction and refining of petroleum with the transformation of biomass. But in the absence of effective and socially responsive governance, the green economy will perpetuate the greed economy.

Trading Away Our Jobs

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This new report brings together, for the first time, both historical and projected data on the employment impacts of trade liberalisation. It analyses studies of past trade liberalisations in Africa and Latin America, as well as impact assessments for the current round of world trade talks and the new wave of bilateral EU trade deals.

A Hidden Crisis

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New figures collected by Global Witness on the killings of activists, journalists and community members who were defending rights to land and forests show the true, shocking extent of  competition for access to natural resources.

Nothing Neutral Here

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UK-‐based power companies are using the myth that biomass is 'carbon neutral' to continue their emissions and greenwash their polluting activities permitted under the EU Emissions Trading System and other EU legislation. This deceptive accounting undermines analysis that places emissions from biomass on a par with fossil fuels.

Opening Pandora's Box

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The expansion of extractive industries is a major driver of land grabbing globally, and poses a significant threat to the world’s indigenous communities, farmers and local food production systems, as well as to precious water, forests, biodiversity, critical ecosystems and climate change.

The Global Water Grab

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This primer analyses water grabbing by powerful actors who take control of valuable water resources for their own benefit, depriving local communities whose livelihoods often depend on these resources and ecosystems.

Urgent Responses For Women Human Rights Defenders At Risk

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This report outlines a diversity of responses to the risks faced by women human rights defenders (WHRD). It maps out the broad range of human rights organisations that provide assistance to defenders at risk. Systemised knowledge about the array of strategies and urgent responses used to support WHRDs may have a significant impact on the effectiveness and viability of response efforts.

People's Agreement of Cochabamba

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The People's Agreement was a key outcome of the World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, which was a global gathering of social movements, indigenous peoples, NGOs and activists. It was hosted by the government of Bolivia on 19-22 April 2010 and was attended by around 30,000 people from over 100 countries in order to develop real solutions to the climate crisis.

Also Useful

A Death Knell for Equity?

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The latest UN negotiations on climate change in Durban have further undermined the prospects of realising a truly equitable and just international treaty to tackle global warming. This edition of Resurgence contains critical informative articles from Martin Khor (South Centre), Pablo Solón (Bolivia's former chief climate change negotiator) and others.

Biomass Energy

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As governments in the global North look to diversify their economies away from fossil fuel and mitigate climate change, plans for biomass energy are growing fast. These are fuelling a sharp rise in the demand for wood, which, for some countries, could outstrip domestic supply capacity by as much as 600 per cent.

Carbon Trading in Africa

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This critical review of carbon trading in Africa includes analyses of the context and trends in the carbon market in Africa; offset projects in Uganda, Ethiopia and South Africa; and carbon finance and regulation. It shows how carbon trading provides new and different ways of profiting at the expense of a deteriorating climate.

Carbon Trading

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The globe is warming. The more carbon dioxide pours into the air, the less stable the climate becomes and the more urgent it becomes to leave remaining fossil fuels in the ground. Yet the dominant neoliberal approach to the crisis - carbon trading - is failing.

Farming Money

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This report analyses the activities of 29 European banks, pension funds and insurance companies, and reveals the significant involvement of these financial institutions in food speculation, and the direct or indirect financing of land grabbing. 

Losing the Plot

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The jatropha plant has been identified as an ideal source of biodiesel. However, evidence suggests that jatropha grown in its present form will not deliver the benefits its supporters have promised.

No Fracking Way!

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This factsheet outlines the impacts that ‘fracking’ - which is used to extract gas from rock formations - can have on people’s water supplies and health.

Reclaiming Our Future: Rio+20 and beyond

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Twenty years on from the "Earth Summit", governments are propagating the same capitalist model that caused climate chaos and other social and environmental crises. La Vía Campesina will mobilise for this historical moment, representing the voice of the millions of peasants and indigenous globally.

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