After over 20 years of international climate change negotiations, talks continue to move further away from identifying the root causes of the climate crisis. These short, sharp articles highlight years of struggle, passion and commitment towards environmental, social and climate justice. This Climate Justice Compendium attempts to address the root causes of climate change beyond the fallacy of the climate negotiations and towards building international solidarity.
While certain climate change reports may not include the critical economic analysis that is required by our selection criteria, we believe it is crucial to include research that outlines the urgency of drastically reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Please also refer to the section on false solutions to climate change to read more about the dangers of geo-engineering and other risky proposals that are being promoted to tackle the climate crisis.
Trade agreements threaten to undermine every effort to stop the climate crisis. Developed countries are negotiating numerous trade and investment deals that will lock in polluting fossil fuels and business as usual. Trade and investment rules put profits before the planet, limiting governments’ ability to support local renewable energy, and empowering companies to attack environmental protections in secret courts. If we are to keep the increase in global temperature to less than 1.5 oC above pre-industrial levels, this approach is no longer possible. The world needs to agree to a binding global carbon budget in order to ensure a safe and sustainable future.
This briefing shows just when, where and how corporations are trying to capture the agenda of this winter’s UN climate talks in Paris, COP 21. The market-based and techno-fix solutions on the table are diverting attention from the real culprits and delaying real action.
From fossil fuels to finance or industrial agriculture, 'Lobby Planet Paris'' maps the big corporations, lobby groups and trade associations that are trying hard to capture the climate talks and maintain business as usual, with the help of many governments and international institutions.
What is 'equity', 'historical responsibility' and 'system change' ? Can we stay below a 1.5℃ increase in temperature? And what needs to happen to avoid further increases? Read this Equity refresher in relation to climate change.
Read about Intended Nationally Determined Contributions versus fair shares in this factsheet.
Community Forest Management (CFM) allows people and communities to benefit from forests and land without depleting natural resources or damaging the climate. The term Community Forest Management encompasses many different communal resource management practices used by forest-dependent Indigenous Peoples and local communities around the world.
This report looks in detail at the technical and economic viability of the technologies involved, at the credibility of the idea that large-scale BECCS could be carbon-negative, at the evidence regarding the reliability of carbon storage and at the greenhouse gas impacts of combining Carbon Capture and Storage with Enhanced Oil Recovery.
This focuses on breaking the chain linking industrial agriculture, climate change and hunger, and exposes the way in which so-called Climate Smart Agriculture has been deliberately loosely defined, so that companies can use it as a marketing tool to re-brand and validate industrial agriculture, promoting business-as-usual.
Climate change is a complex topic. Terms such as 'equity', 'historical responsibility', 'INDCs' and 'fair shares' are used during climate negotiations and in much of the writing about them. Friends of the Earth International has published a series of factsheets to explain what theses terms mean and why they advocate for climate justice
Many of the world's largest agro-industrial corporations are pushing forward the poorly-defined idea of "Climate-Smart Agriculture"(CSA) to re-market industrial agriculture as 'climate-ready'. This report uncovers how some advocates of CSA are embracing the extreme genetic engineering tools of synthetic biology ("Syn Bio") to develop a set of false solutions to the climate crisis.
This publication by looks at the dangers for peasant communities from one of the main carbon market mechanisms on the table at the upcoming UN summit on climate change in Paris.
Traditionally considered the cheapest fuel around, the market price for coal ignores its most significant impacts. These so-called "external costs" manifests themselves as damages such as respiratory diseases, mining accidents, acid rain, smog pollution, reduced agricultural yields and climate change. The harm caused by mining and burning coal is not reflected in its price per tonne or its costs for a kWh of electricity, but the world at large is nevertheless paying for it. This report seeks to answer the question: just how much are we paying?
This factsheet outlines coal's contribution to global climate change and why we need to urgently make the transition from coal to renewables. Scientists have found that more than 80% of known coal reserves need to stay in the ground in order to stay within 2 degrees celsius of global warming, the globally accepted limit.
When the industry talks about “clean coal,” it is referring to a range of technologies that burn coal more efficiently, and pollution controls that remove some of the nastiest pollutants from the smokestack. Yet even the most efficient coal-fired power plants only operate at around 44% efficiency, meaning that 56% of the energy content of the coal is lost. These plants emit 15 times more carbon dioxide than renewable energy systems and twice as much CO2 as gas-fired power plants.
Declining coal companies are using deceptive PR to push coal for developing countries, but renewable energy is increasingly the choice for energy access in the developing world.
This is a precautionary guide, based on an analysis of documents and contracts related to REDD (proposed or already signed), which clearly illustrates what is happening to those communities that have already signed-up to one of these contracts and the underlying risks that exist for others who may be tempted by similar projects.
The case studies in this report show that countries in the Global South are already excessively reliant on the use of conventional wood-based sources, especially charcoal, mainly for the production of heat and electricity. In the Global North there is a shift taking place, from fossil-based fuels to wood-based energy, and this is clearly evident in the UK, the US and Sweden. Thus demand for wood is likely to increase even further. The use of wood-based bioenergy urgently needs to be reevaluated within the context of a justice-based framework that prioritises meeting basic and health needs and avoiding ecological damage.
This edition of the Global Forest Coalition's newsletter, Forest Cover, focuses on the impacts of wood-based bioenergy on forests and forest peoples and is co-published with member group Biofuelwatch.
The case studies in this report show that REDD, which is known to be methodologically flawed, is also having significant negative impacts on the ground. The good news, however, is that we know how to successfully conserve forests.
What often are seen as separate movements—environment, social justice, labor, democracy, indigenous rights—are all deeply interconnected, particularly in the way that they challenge the current economic system as a root cause of much that they seek to change. This report focuses on the development of this new economy movement in the US.
A detailed and nuanced look at the ethics and politics of the 'green economy' which outlines how and why the new economy of nature has evolved, and explains and critically questions key hypotheses of the new paradigm. A key conclusion is that handing nature over to market forces is a high-risk undertaking because if the market fails we will lose nature, irretrievably.
This reader sets out to understand what climate change means for the financial sector, and what financial sector involvement means for the funding of climate change projects.
This report gives a concise introduction to the principle of sharing in relation to the interconnected global crises we face, and makes a simple case for how the world’s wealth, power and resources can be shared more equitably and sustainably.
Securing Rights, Combating Climate Change: How strengthening community forest rights mitigates climate change
This report makes a strong case for strengthening the rights of indigenous and local communities over their forests as a policy tool for mitigating climate change.
This brochure takes up arguments put forth in the debate about a new economy with nature. It shows that the political question is not whether economic valuation automatically involves putting a ‘price tag on nature’, but if it encourages pricing in practice. Sadly, the early examples of what ‘trading in environmental services’ looks like in reality already provide sufficient reason for saying ‘No’ to more of the same.
Global Justice Ecology Project is publishing The Green Shock Doctrine as a means to help expose and examine the deeper issues behind the climate crisis and their links to many of the other crises we are facing. Capitalism and the markets have led us to the brink of the abyss. The more we understand how the roots of the many issues we are fighting are intertwined, the better we can cooperate to change the system driving them.
This exhibition focuses on forest carbon projects, their potential impacts, and fairer and more effective alternatives.
This exhibition focuses on forest carbon projects, their potential impacts, and fairer and more effective alternatives.
This exhibition focuses on forest carbon projects, their potential impacts, and fairer and more effective alternatives. Please feel free to download this A3 pdf and use it in your own communities.
The Alternative Trade Mandate is a proposal from over 50 civil society organisations to make EU trade and investment policy work for people and the planet, not just the profit-oriented interests of a few.
This report argues that natural capital accounting is not a solution for protecting our natural environment. It addresses the fundamental problems of the natural capital accounting system being proposed at the World Forum in Edinburgh as well as the negative implications of using a market-based system to manage resources that are inherently public and commons goods.
This report is based on five case studies prepared by national organisations in Brazil, Colombia, India, Uganda and Tanzania It concludes that projects and policies related to REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks) fail to address the underlying causes of forest loss and might contribute to further deforestation instead.
This paper provides historical background and reports of experiences on the ground to show how land and nature enclosures are central to REDD+, and why it therefore cannot be fixed.
Linking the current boom of unconventional gas extraction within the broader pattern of land and water grabbing, this report explores where fracking is happening today, who is promoting it, how, and the state of resistance.
A guide exposing corporate lobbying and industry capture of COP19, the yearly UN climate negotiations, taking place in Warsaw, 11-22 November 2013. It also covers the false solutions that are being offered up by these corporate lobbies, such as shale gas, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon markets.
Ahead of United Nations climate talks, Friends of the Earth International has released a new report outlining its vision of a climate-safe, sustainable and just energy system - and a road map to achieving it.
A compelling visual infographic comparing the impact of Europe's current trade, investment and industrial policies, and a fairer and more sustainable alternative. (The text is in German but the images need no translation.)
This report looks at a number of claims made in defence of the EU's Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) and shows why they are not valid.
The European Commission's ideological push for the privatisation of public services, carried out under the guise of austerity, is equivalent to a 'fire sale', where public services and national assets are being undersold providing profits for a few transnational companies. It is also prompting massive resistance at local and national level.
Europe’s reliance on materials from outside its borders is not sustainable. This report explores three different commodities – lithium, aluminium and cotton – to exemplify how our linear consumption patterns (extraction, manufacture, use and disposal) not only have major social, economic and environmental impacts, but also represent a missed opportunity for job creation and global resource security.
The notion of a "great green technological transformation" enabling a "green economy" is now being widely promoted as the key to our planet's survival. The ultimate goal is to substitute the extraction and refining of petroleum with the transformation of biomass. But in the absence of effective and socially responsive governance, the green economy will perpetuate the greed economy.
A guide for citizens 'Nature is not for sale!' criticises the Rio +20 "Declaration on natural capital" which outlines the new market mechanisms through which finance is taking over nature as part of the so called "green economy".
A close inspection of some governments’ proposals concerning the ‘green economy’ agenda being discussed at ‘Rio+20’ reveals an absolute determination to use it as a means of protecting and developing the banking, biotech, manufacturing, agribusiness and energy sectors, even at the expense of vulnerable communities and the environment.
This report outlines the serious negative impacts the so-called 'bioeconomy' will have on forests, forest-dependent peoples, and biodiversity.
The People's Agreement was a key outcome of the World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, which was a global gathering of social movements, indigenous peoples, NGOs and activists. It was hosted by the government of Bolivia on 19-22 April 2010 and was attended by around 30,000 people from over 100 countries in order to develop real solutions to the climate crisis.
Community briefing on climate change.
In the area of climate policy and beyond, governmental positions have been increasingly hijacked by narrow corporate interests linked to polluting industries and industries seeking to profit from the climate crisis.
This report sets out Friends of the Earth's (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) demands for the climate talks in Durban, South Africa in 2011.
Tar sands extraction in Canada is devastating indigenous communities, wildlife and vast areas of boreal forests, as well as being many times more carbon-intensive to produce than 'conventional' oil. This report looks at the role that UK banks, especially RBS, are playing in providing the necessary capital.
The 2008 world food price crisis, and more recent price hikes have focused attention on the ability of the world food system to 'feed the world'. La Via Campesina believes that agroecological food production by small farmers is the agricultural model best suited to meeting future food needs.
The fundamental flaw at the heart of UNEP's report "Towards a Green Economy" is its failure to analyse the extraordinarily unequal power relations that exist in today’s world.
An exposé of the underhand bullying and bribery techniques employed by the developed countries in UNFCCC negotiations at and after UNFCCC COP-15 in Copenhagen in 2009.
A report focusing on water infrastructure and poverty.
How to fight for water justice and get your government to take the UN’s two groundbreaking resolutions and make them work.
The report contrasts the UK government’s preferred approach of ‘food security’, based on free markets supplemented by aid, with the positive alternative of food sovereignty, which returns control over the food system to farmers.
Through case studies from around the world, this report provides on-the-ground experiences of community struggles to secure their traditional way of life which are based on their collective management of natural resources.
This publication aims to present testimonies that reflect the situation of rural women fighting for food rights in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
This publication has several aims, from highlighting the role that peasant women and men, indigenous people, and young people play in the improvement, use, conservation and defense of biodiversity, through to showing the strategic role that agroecological and family, peasant and urban agricultural practices play in the defense of territory and resistance against the advance of monocultures and extractive industries.
This report focuses on campaigns that have the defence and enforcement of community rights at the heart of their struggles.
This toolkit clarifies the processes surrounding CDM projects. Key issues and technical jargon are explained, and opportunities for public input are identified.
This report explains what the World Bank Group is doing in the realms of climate and energy, and challenges its rhetoric on sustainability and poverty alleviation.
This report shows that the World Bank still plays a forceful, catalysing role in channeling major public and private investment flows into high-carbon infrastructure, and promoting false solutions to climate change.
A report targeted at policy makers explaining how climate science demonstrates that unprecedented greenhouse gas emissions reductions are urgently required.
A quick guide to the truth about false solutions to climate change. Indigenous Peoples need to know what is going on in order to fight back.
An easy and essential guide to navigating the landscape of false solutions to climate change being promoted by those who hope to generate a profit from them.
An insight into the way in which the rules of climate change negotiations are twisted and manipulated to suit the interests of developed countries.
Agriculture can contribute to cooling down the earth by using farm practices that store CO2 and reduce the use of energy on all farms.
Outlines why carbon trading is not the solution to climate change and sets out some of the real solutions for cutting greenhouse gas emissions and delivering climate finance.
A toolkit to help communities who are being asked to accept or engage in market-based conservation projects. (Note - you need to click on 'more information' to find the link to this toolkit's multiple chapters.)
The latest UN negotiations on climate change in Durban have further undermined the prospects of realising a truly equitable and just international treaty to tackle global warming. This edition of Resurgence contains critical informative articles from Martin Khor (South Centre), Pablo Solón (Bolivia's former chief climate change negotiator) and others.
This call to action demands tribally owned and operated renewable energy along with green jobs to help reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and to establish a sustainable and low-carbon future in the US.
This report is designed to provide key background information that will help explain advancements in the area of genetically engineered tree research and development, as well as the global effort to prohibit the environmental release of GE trees.
Gives a unique overview of the European Investment Bank’s different climate funds and the damaging role that the Bank plays in climate finance.
BECCS, or biomass with CCS, will mean burning more biomass for less energy. Most biomass combustion facilities already operate at best at about 30% efficiency. Adding CCS will therefore result in even more deforestation, land use change and air pollution.
One way or another change is on the way: if we don’t change the rules of the global economy we won’t be able to limit climate change.
This report finds that soil carbon markets could have significant negative impacts for poor smallholders, particularly women, in Africa; and that promoting soil carbon markets is a major distraction from providing the public finance needed to help poor countries tackle climate change.
Food is a key driver of climate change - accounting for around half of all human-generated greenhouse gas emissions.
Whether it is to adjust the earth’s thermostat or change the chemical balance of our oceans, geoengineering solutions to climate change represent a threat to people and the planet.
This document considers the progress of international climate negotiations in light of the new ‘green economy’ deal being pushed in these and other intergovernmental arenas, and the fact that it is hiding the meaning and significance of environmental and social crises.
The recent Study on the Integrity of the Clean Development Mechanism commissioned by the European Commission singles out hydro power projects as particularly problematic. This policy brief outlines the impacts of large CDM hydro power projects, explains why they undermine climate goals and offers concrete policy recommendations.
This report was researched by campaigners in Friends of the Earth Australia who visited Indonesia to examine the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership, the world's first large scale REDD pilot project that was set up between Australia and Indonesia.
Describes some of the impacts of market-based conservation mechanisms such as certification, biodiversity offsets, ecotourism, bio-prospecting and carbon sinks.
A global economy that has benefited a small elite is no accident: it was carefully designed by politicians who often worked for transnational corporations and at times were rewarded by them after leaving office.
This booklet weaves together stories, analysis, organising tools and provocative questions, to give a snapshot of the US climate justice movement and provide pathways for readers to participate in it.
Unless appropriate policies are adopted to encourage the use of cleaner, non-fossil fuels, investment in dirtier, “unconventional” forms of oil will increase.
This report provides critical policy analysis and case documentation about the role of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in Africa. The CDM is subsidising dangerous for-profit activities, making them advantageous to multinational corporations.
Just 10.9 million people, or 0.15%, control $42.7 trillion dollars or two thirds of world GDP. An even tinier group of people, 0.001%, control a third of that amount. Where are they based? What could this money pay for?
Who are they and how did they make their money? Which are the best countries to be rich in?
Which are the biggest companies in the world? Which corporations control them? How does their power compare with states?
This policy briefing outlines the impacts of coal use, explains why coal projects do not belong in the CDM and offers concrete policy solutions for the Parties of the Kyoto Protocol, the CDM Executive Board and the European Union.