Trade agreements threaten to undermine every effort to stop the climate crisis. Developed countries are negotiating numerous trade and investment deals that will lock in polluting fossil fuels and business as usual. Trade and investment rules put profits before the planet, limiting governments’ ability to support local renewable energy, and empowering companies to attack environmental protections in secret courts. If we are to keep the increase in global temperature to less than 1.5 oC above pre-industrial levels, this approach is no longer possible. The world needs to agree to a binding global carbon budget in order to ensure a safe and sustainable future.
Solutions – false solutions
See our page on Carbon Trading as well as the documents listed here.
This briefing shows just when, where and how corporations are trying to capture the agenda of this winter’s UN climate talks in Paris, COP 21. The market-based and techno-fix solutions on the table are diverting attention from the real culprits and delaying real action.
From fossil fuels to finance or industrial agriculture, 'Lobby Planet Paris'' maps the big corporations, lobby groups and trade associations that are trying hard to capture the climate talks and maintain business as usual, with the help of many governments and international institutions.
This report looks in detail at the technical and economic viability of the technologies involved, at the credibility of the idea that large-scale BECCS could be carbon-negative, at the evidence regarding the reliability of carbon storage and at the greenhouse gas impacts of combining Carbon Capture and Storage with Enhanced Oil Recovery.
This focuses on breaking the chain linking industrial agriculture, climate change and hunger, and exposes the way in which so-called Climate Smart Agriculture has been deliberately loosely defined, so that companies can use it as a marketing tool to re-brand and validate industrial agriculture, promoting business-as-usual.
Many of the world's largest agro-industrial corporations are pushing forward the poorly-defined idea of "Climate-Smart Agriculture"(CSA) to re-market industrial agriculture as 'climate-ready'. This report uncovers how some advocates of CSA are embracing the extreme genetic engineering tools of synthetic biology ("Syn Bio") to develop a set of false solutions to the climate crisis.
This publication by looks at the dangers for peasant communities from one of the main carbon market mechanisms on the table at the upcoming UN summit on climate change in Paris.
When the industry talks about “clean coal,” it is referring to a range of technologies that burn coal more efficiently, and pollution controls that remove some of the nastiest pollutants from the smokestack. Yet even the most efficient coal-fired power plants only operate at around 44% efficiency, meaning that 56% of the energy content of the coal is lost. These plants emit 15 times more carbon dioxide than renewable energy systems and twice as much CO2 as gas-fired power plants.
This is a precautionary guide, based on an analysis of documents and contracts related to REDD (proposed or already signed), which clearly illustrates what is happening to those communities that have already signed-up to one of these contracts and the underlying risks that exist for others who may be tempted by similar projects.
The case studies in this report show that countries in the Global South are already excessively reliant on the use of conventional wood-based sources, especially charcoal, mainly for the production of heat and electricity. In the Global North there is a shift taking place, from fossil-based fuels to wood-based energy, and this is clearly evident in the UK, the US and Sweden. Thus demand for wood is likely to increase even further. The use of wood-based bioenergy urgently needs to be reevaluated within the context of a justice-based framework that prioritises meeting basic and health needs and avoiding ecological damage.
This edition of the Global Forest Coalition's newsletter, Forest Cover, focuses on the impacts of wood-based bioenergy on forests and forest peoples and is co-published with member group Biofuelwatch.
The case studies in this report show that REDD, which is known to be methodologically flawed, is also having significant negative impacts on the ground. The good news, however, is that we know how to successfully conserve forests.
A detailed and nuanced look at the ethics and politics of the 'green economy' which outlines how and why the new economy of nature has evolved, and explains and critically questions key hypotheses of the new paradigm. A key conclusion is that handing nature over to market forces is a high-risk undertaking because if the market fails we will lose nature, irretrievably.
This brochure takes up arguments put forth in the debate about a new economy with nature. It shows that the political question is not whether economic valuation automatically involves putting a ‘price tag on nature’, but if it encourages pricing in practice. Sadly, the early examples of what ‘trading in environmental services’ looks like in reality already provide sufficient reason for saying ‘No’ to more of the same.
Global Justice Ecology Project is publishing The Green Shock Doctrine as a means to help expose and examine the deeper issues behind the climate crisis and their links to many of the other crises we are facing. Capitalism and the markets have led us to the brink of the abyss. The more we understand how the roots of the many issues we are fighting are intertwined, the better we can cooperate to change the system driving them.
This exhibition focuses on forest carbon projects, their potential impacts, and fairer and more effective alternatives.
This exhibition focuses on forest carbon projects, their potential impacts, and fairer and more effective alternatives.
This exhibition focuses on forest carbon projects, their potential impacts, and fairer and more effective alternatives. Please feel free to download this A3 pdf and use it in your own communities.
This report argues that natural capital accounting is not a solution for protecting our natural environment. It addresses the fundamental problems of the natural capital accounting system being proposed at the World Forum in Edinburgh as well as the negative implications of using a market-based system to manage resources that are inherently public and commons goods.
This report is based on five case studies prepared by national organisations in Brazil, Colombia, India, Uganda and Tanzania It concludes that projects and policies related to REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks) fail to address the underlying causes of forest loss and might contribute to further deforestation instead.
This paper provides historical background and reports of experiences on the ground to show how land and nature enclosures are central to REDD+, and why it therefore cannot be fixed.
Linking the current boom of unconventional gas extraction within the broader pattern of land and water grabbing, this report explores where fracking is happening today, who is promoting it, how, and the state of resistance.
A guide exposing corporate lobbying and industry capture of COP19, the yearly UN climate negotiations, taking place in Warsaw, 11-22 November 2013. It also covers the false solutions that are being offered up by these corporate lobbies, such as shale gas, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon markets.
Ahead of United Nations climate talks, Friends of the Earth International has released a new report outlining its vision of a climate-safe, sustainable and just energy system - and a road map to achieving it.
A compelling visual infographic comparing the impact of Europe's current trade, investment and industrial policies, and a fairer and more sustainable alternative. (The text is in German but the images need no translation.)
This report looks at a number of claims made in defence of the EU's Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) and shows why they are not valid.
The European Commission's ideological push for the privatisation of public services, carried out under the guise of austerity, is equivalent to a 'fire sale', where public services and national assets are being undersold providing profits for a few transnational companies. It is also prompting massive resistance at local and national level.
The notion of a "great green technological transformation" enabling a "green economy" is now being widely promoted as the key to our planet's survival. The ultimate goal is to substitute the extraction and refining of petroleum with the transformation of biomass. But in the absence of effective and socially responsive governance, the green economy will perpetuate the greed economy.
A guide for citizens 'Nature is not for sale!' criticises the Rio +20 "Declaration on natural capital" which outlines the new market mechanisms through which finance is taking over nature as part of the so called "green economy".
A close inspection of some governments’ proposals concerning the ‘green economy’ agenda being discussed at ‘Rio+20’ reveals an absolute determination to use it as a means of protecting and developing the banking, biotech, manufacturing, agribusiness and energy sectors, even at the expense of vulnerable communities and the environment.
This report outlines the serious negative impacts the so-called 'bioeconomy' will have on forests, forest-dependent peoples, and biodiversity.
The fundamental flaw at the heart of UNEP's report "Towards a Green Economy" is its failure to analyse the extraordinarily unequal power relations that exist in today’s world.
A quick guide to the truth about false solutions to climate change. Indigenous Peoples need to know what is going on in order to fight back.
An easy and essential guide to navigating the landscape of false solutions to climate change being promoted by those who hope to generate a profit from them.
A toolkit to help communities who are being asked to accept or engage in market-based conservation projects. (Note - you need to click on 'more information' to find the link to this toolkit's multiple chapters.)
This report is designed to provide key background information that will help explain advancements in the area of genetically engineered tree research and development, as well as the global effort to prohibit the environmental release of GE trees.
BECCS, or biomass with CCS, will mean burning more biomass for less energy. Most biomass combustion facilities already operate at best at about 30% efficiency. Adding CCS will therefore result in even more deforestation, land use change and air pollution.
One way or another change is on the way: if we don’t change the rules of the global economy we won’t be able to limit climate change.
This report finds that soil carbon markets could have significant negative impacts for poor smallholders, particularly women, in Africa; and that promoting soil carbon markets is a major distraction from providing the public finance needed to help poor countries tackle climate change.
Whether it is to adjust the earth’s thermostat or change the chemical balance of our oceans, geoengineering solutions to climate change represent a threat to people and the planet.
The recent Study on the Integrity of the Clean Development Mechanism commissioned by the European Commission singles out hydro power projects as particularly problematic. This policy brief outlines the impacts of large CDM hydro power projects, explains why they undermine climate goals and offers concrete policy recommendations.
Describes some of the impacts of market-based conservation mechanisms such as certification, biodiversity offsets, ecotourism, bio-prospecting and carbon sinks.
A global economy that has benefited a small elite is no accident: it was carefully designed by politicians who often worked for transnational corporations and at times were rewarded by them after leaving office.
This report provides critical policy analysis and case documentation about the role of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in Africa. The CDM is subsidising dangerous for-profit activities, making them advantageous to multinational corporations.
Just 10.9 million people, or 0.15%, control $42.7 trillion dollars or two thirds of world GDP. An even tinier group of people, 0.001%, control a third of that amount. Where are they based? What could this money pay for?
Who are they and how did they make their money? Which are the best countries to be rich in?
This policy briefing outlines the impacts of coal use, explains why coal projects do not belong in the CDM and offers concrete policy solutions for the Parties of the Kyoto Protocol, the CDM Executive Board and the European Union.